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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM   fall 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 38 ; Page(s) 7 To 43.

Geographical and Political Factors Affecting Location of Idrisid Capital in Fes

Author(s):  Janahamadi Fatemeh, AMIN ARMINDOKHT*
Fes is one of the most important, most distinctive and most influential capitals in the Islamic civilization in al-Maghreb al-Aqsa, established by Idris-ibne-Idriss-ibne-Abdullah (803-828 AD) in the middle of the year 808-809 AD. The cultural and civilization influence level of Fes in al-Maghreb al-Aqsa is determined by some factors such as its deep and precise location. Accordingly, this research tries to examine the geographical and political factors influencing this location. The results of the research show that the political and geographical threats and deterrents inside and outside the sovereignty led Idris II to transfer his capital from the remote and non-strategic city “ Walilay” as the political center of the barbarians of Urabeh near the realm of Umayyad of al-Andalus to the central place at the heart of al-Maghreb al-Aqsa. In this regard, he could find a relative security, in addition to getting away from the center of the ambitious chiefs of Urabeh tribal and settling in an independent capital with a new structure and nature against the possible attacks of Umayyads of al-Andalus (756-1031 AD). By deployingin the middle of al-Maghreb al-Aqsa observing important and strategic areas of al-Maghreb al-Aqsa and al-Maghreb al-Awsat, and movements of rival regimes such as Benurustam (778-909 AD) and Benuemedrar (823-977 AD), he was able to monitor parts of the Atlantic. In this location, enjoying a privileged position in commercial and strategic planning, a privileged environment and defensive issues were taken to achieve a lasting and influential capital.
Keyword(s): Idrisid,capital,effective factors in location,Fes,al-Maghreb al-Aqsa,Walilay
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