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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH IN CONTEMPORARY WORD LITERATURE (PAZHUHESH-E ZABANHA-YE KHAREJI)   fall 2018-winter 2019 , Volume 23 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 355 To 370.

An Intertextual Study of the Notion of “ Simorgh” in The Conference of the Birds by Jean-Claude Carriere

Author(s):  DADVAR ILMIRA*, SALIMIKOUCHI EBRAHIM, Ghassemi Esfahani Nikou
* Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
The conference of the birds of Jean-Claude Carriè re is one of the great theater plays inspired from Mantiq-ut-Tair. Carriere has tried to maintain the principal form of Attar’ s work and by considering the constraints of theater, he has made some changes in the source text. One of the main changes is the transformation of Simorgh’ s notion. In fact, by relying on the criterias of his worldview, which tends to be like a quasi-mysticism terrestrial, he has supposed another meaning for Simorgh, being in contrast with Attar’ s celestial mysticism. In this analysis, we try to verify the notion of Simorgh, by profiting from the analytical theories of Genette in intertextuality. In addition, we attempt to answer the questions about how the mystical character of Simorgh was presented, from an intertextual viewpoint, and by which changes? And how a non-Persian contemporary text, like The conference of the birds, has succeded to transfer the message of Attar in a different form?
Keyword(s): The conference of the birds,Mantiq-ut-Teir,Simorgh,Intertextuality,Attar,Comparative literature
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