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Paper Information

Journal:   PAZHOHESH-HA-YE BASTANSHENASI IRAN   winter 2019 , Volume 8 , Number 19 ; Page(s) 105 To 126.

Historical Geography of the Central Zagros in the Neo-Assyrian Period: Namri, Hamban, Karalla, Parsua and Allabria

Author(s):  Saeedyan Sadi*
* Department of Archaeology, University of Tehran
In the first half of the 1st millennium B. C. and before the formation of the Median Kingdom, i. e. 10th-7th centuries B. C, many petty states were formed in the western parts of Iran which were considered as the eastern neighbors of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. The campaigns of Assyrian armies into the Zagros Mountains have been reported in Cuneiform inscriptions with significant details which provide us with remarkable knowledge on the Zagros petty kingdoms. In fact, the Assyrian written documents are the most significant sources for localization of the Zagros toponyms. Despite passing of more than a century from the beginning of the studies relating to the historical geography of Neo-Assyrian Empire, however, localization of some Zagros petty states has been the subject of dissensions between scholars. The present study deals with the localization of the Zagros place-names and petty states such as Namri, Bit-Hamban, Karalla, Parsua and Allabria which are considered to be in modern provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan in western Iran. The main question is where these place-names are exactly located? In order to reach a valid answer, we have analyzed geographical data of the Neo-Assyrian inscriptions particularly those which reporting the Assyrian army campaigns into western Iran. We also try to identify the well-known late Iron Age sites of western Iran with the mentioned place-names. The result of the study indicates that Namri could be localized in western parts of modern Kermanshah while Hamban and Parsua are situated respectively in central and northern part of the province. Karalla is situated in Hawraman (Oraman) and Allabria can be localized north of it.
Keyword(s): Zagros,Assyria,Toponyms,Kermanshah,Kurdistan
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