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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL STUDIES OF ISLAM   spring 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 36 ; Page(s) 11 To 41.

Europe and Crusade Wars According to Matthew Paris’ s Historiography Method and his Historical approach: A General History of Europe or a Transition to "Global History"?

As a 13th century English historian, Matthew Paris was brought up under the ecclesiastic method of historiography; he continued the choreography and researchers believe that Matthew culminated it. Perhaps the reason of this raising was the events of the chaotic times, where the papal church had a conflict with Fredrick II the Roman emperor and the kings of England and France which made Europe turbulent. On the other hand the crusade wars and the Mongol invasions disarranged the world. So the chorography was no more involved in just the internal issues of Europe, but also in dealing with the global issues. Thus, the aim of the research is to understand that regarding the world evolutions, how the Matthew Paris’ s historiography method and his historical approach was. Results of this research indicate that Matthew’ s approach and also some other European historians led to a worldwide point of view, which sometimes reduced their national or religion fanaticism. The format of choreography changed and relied on formal documents such as formal letters, reports, and voyage or pilgrimage accounts.
Keyword(s): Matthew Paris,Historiography method,Historical approach,Crusade wars,Church,Mongols
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