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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY CARE (IJEC)   fall 2017 , Volume 1 , Number 3 ; Page(s) 18 To 27.

Exposure to stressors among Emergency Medical Technicians in Pre-hospital Emergency Departments of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

Author(s):  DADASHZADEH A., RAHMANI A., Fathollahzadeh a.*, Gasempor m., Dehgannejad j.
* Dept. of Health in Disaster and Emergencies, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Background and Objectives: Emergency medical profession is inherently stressful; medical emergency technicians experience a lot of stress due to the workplace and conditions of patients. The rate of exposure to stressors effects on the staff’ s health and patients’ care. This study aims to determine the rate of exposure to stressors among EMTs in the East Azerbaijan province. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 320 EMT from 98 emergency departments of East Azerbaijan province participated. To collect data, stressor exposure questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS software and using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The results of this study showed that among 45 experienced occupational stressors, the mean rate of exposure was 2. 79 out of 5. The highest mean rate of exposure to stressors was 3. 76 which included the transfer of critical ill patients with ambulance to the emergency departments and the lowest mean rate of exposure was 2. 06 which included the lack of knowledge in utilizing the equipment appropriately. Also, there was a significant relationship between the rate of exposure with occupational stressors and the number of missions, educational qualifications and employment type. Conclusion: In this study, rate of exposure to stressors was moderately high among emergency medical staff. Identifying the rate of exposure to stressors can be effective in planning and prevention in order to reduce and control the rate of exposure to stress among emergency medical technicians.
Keyword(s): stress,exposure,emergency medical technician,emergency,pre-hospital care
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