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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING   2019 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 107 To 120.

Effect of building shape, orientation, window to wall ratios and zones on energy efficiency and thermal comfort of naturally ventilated houses in tropical climate

Author(s):  Pathirana Shakila*, Rodrigo Asanka, Halwatura Rangika
* Department of Civil Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka
This paper examines the effect of building shape, zones, orientation and window to wall ratio (WWR) on the lighting energy requirement and the thermal comfort in the naturally ventilated houses in tropical climate. The lighting electricity and the adaptive thermal discomfort hours (ASHRAE 55 80% acceptability) of 300 different models of two-storey houses were obtained using Design Builder simulation software. The models were developed for three building shapes (square, rectangle and L-shaped) and the orientation of each model was changed for 24 orientations and four window to wall ratios. Results indicate that the rectangular shape with staircase positioned in the middle of the house will provide higher thermal comfort for WWR of 20 and for other WWRs the L-shaped models provide higher thermal comfort when the staircase is positioned at the short corner or middle. The square-shaped houses with staircase at the middle have the highest lighting electricity and the L shape has the lowest lighting electricity. Further, WWR changes the thermal comfort by 20– 55% and the percentage change in lighting electricity due to WWR is only 1. 5– 9. 5%. Therefore, thermal comfort should receive more attention in deciding the WWR. Moreover, the results show an effect when the zone sizes and location change.
Keyword(s): Energy efficiency ·,Thermal comfort ·,Building energy performance ·,Building shape ·,Orientation ·,Window to wall ratio
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