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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY   2018 , Volume 8 , Number 1; Page(s) 931 To 935.

Toxoplasma gondii serosurvey in domestic ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) and long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus) Golestan Province, North of Iran

Author(s):  Namroodi Somyeh*, Poorghaz Farhad, AKBARNEJAD FARZAD, kheirabadi vahid
* Department of Environmental sciences, Faculty of fisheries and environmental sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
One of the most prevalent zoonotic diseases is toxoplasmosis which is caused by an obligate intracellular parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, with a high global dissemination. Some species of birds are susceptible to T. gondii infection. To indirectly survey on T. gondii contamination of the rural and wild ecosystem of the Golestan Province, the presence of T. gondii antibody was examined in serum sample of 60 domestic rural ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) and 40 long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus) by MAT. Results: Out of 60 (32=male, 28=female) domestic ducks' serums, 38 (63. 3%) samples (20 male and 18 female) were diagnosed positive. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of anti-T. gondii antibody in male (60. 6%) and female (62%) ducks. Anti T. gondii antibody frequency was detected in 77. 5% (31 cases) of the sampled long-legged buzzards. Anti T. gondii antibody frequency in long-legged buzzard was significantly higher than domestic ducks. Conclusion: High seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in long-legged buzzards indicates high risk of T. gondii infection in rural and wild ecosystems of Golestan Province. Besides, the high levels of T. gondii contamination of sampled domestic duck highlights the importance of villagers' knowledge improvement about the important role of wild and domestic birds in the life cycle of T. gondii.
Keyword(s): T.gondii,duck,long-legged buzzard,Golestan Province
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