Paper Information

Journal:   SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF RESCUE AND RELIEF   spring 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 1 (37) #g00663; Page(s) 60 To 70.
 
Paper: 

The effect of relief education based on meta-memory and metacognition methods in learning of Red Crescent Society relief workers

 
 
Author(s):  Abdolahzadeh Hassan*, Motaki Soheil
 
* Payame Noor University
 
Abstract: 
Background: Education is one of the most effective factors in adopting of relief workers to the changing conditions of the present world. Creating a change in relief workers’ attitudes and prepare them to increase work competencies for accepting critical responsibilities in disasters has a close relationship with education in order to improve the level of efficiency. Accordingly, the present study aims to investigate the effect of relief education based on meta-memory and meta-cognition methods in learning of relief workers of Red Crescent Society in Bandar-e Gaz. Method: In this semi-experimental study, pretest and posttest were designed. About 100 relief workers of Red Crescent Society in Bandar-e Gaz were selected and studied in 2017. By using nonprobability sampling, 40 persons (20 experimental and 20 control groups) were selected as the target group. The relief workers of control group received first aid and relief education during five sessions while the experimental group received these training based on meta-memory and meta-cognition methods. Data were collected based on a researcher-made questionnaire by using book of “ Principles of First Aid & Resuscitation” by Dr. Ayoubian and Pourheidari (2010). Moreover, data were analyzed in two parts, descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, and standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics such as covariance analysis. Findings: The findings showed that there is a significant difference between means in terms of group membership (experimental and control) in the post-test stage (p<0. 05). The impact of this intervention is 23% in the posttest. Therefore, it can be concluded that relief education based on meta-memory and meta-cognition methods (experimental and control) had a significant effect on the learning of the relief workers. The statistical power of 0/603 indicated the statistical accuracy. Conclusion: The results indicated that the relief education based on meta-memory and meta-cognition methods increases learning in the experimental group. Therefore, it can be said that these relief education are effective in learning.
 
Keyword(s): relief education,meta-memory methods,meta-cognition methods,learning
 
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