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Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   winter 2019 , Volume 14 , Number 53 ; Page(s) 83 To 119.

Unity of Binary Oppositions in Ilā hī-Nā meh; Based on the Concepts of Transformation and Equation

* University of Sistan and Baluchestan
Binary oppositions are considered as one of the main components of the critique of modern texts; but they can also be used in the critique of Persian classical texts. In Ilā hī-Nā meh, Attā r Neishapouri suggests that on the path of the Truth, nobody can reach the perfection without binary oppositions. Thus, he faces the sā lek (holy traveler) with much binary oppositions from the beginning to the end of suluk (spiritual journey). Attā r believes that the only method for converting oppositions to unity is to use the force of "transformation" and "equation". Most of the oppositions employed by Attā r are linked to "transformation"; in this way, the opposites change their nature and unite with each other. In this "transformation", he seeks a kind of "transcendence" that needs contemplation and going beyond the corporal world. By using descriptive and analytic method, in the present article, the attempt is made to explain Attā r's Divine thoughts based on concepts of "binary oppositions", "transformation" and "equation". This research does not seek to find the opposite terms and to classify the binary oppositions quantitatively, but it attempts to find the concepts that beyond apparent oppositions may conduce to the perfection of man.
Keyword(s): archetype,Matriarchy,Mahsa Mohebali,myth,Psychoanalysis
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