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Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   fall 2018 , Volume 14 , Number 52 ; Page(s) 119 To 151.

Asceticism in the Worldview of Attar of Neyshaburi

Author(s):  Dini Hadi*, AKRAMI MIR JALIL
* Tabriz University
Asceticism is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, for the purpose of achieving servitude. In Islamic mysticism, asceticism does not go beyond the framework of the Islamic law (Sharia). To determine the framework and the limits of asceticism in mysticism, we study the views of Attar Neyshaburi, one of the three highlights of mystical literature of Iran. The present article attempts to examine the basic concepts and indexes in asceticism in masnavis of Attar by using analytic method. He refers to chelleh-neshini (worshipping for a forty days period), keeping a vigil, silence, patience and control the passions as the important elements of asceticism and believes that they are the best methods to reach the Truth. Very few references to methods of asceticism in his masnavis reflect the political and social complexities of his time. In his masnavis, the frequency of physical asceticism is higher, because this kind of asceticism is a tool for the self-purification. Attar believes that the true asceticism or jehā d al-akbar (the greater war and struggle) is to overcome the carnal soul. According to him, when the sā lek (the holy traveler) is annihilated from his selfhood, he is united with God and his carnal soul is curbed.
Keyword(s): Attar Neyshaburi,Asceticism,Mystical Literature,Masnavī,,Islamic Mysticism
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