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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING   2018 , Volume 10 , Number 4; Page(s) 439 To 464.

Comparative study on the seismic performance assessment of existing buildings with and without retrofit strategies

Author(s):  Dumaru Rakesh, RODRIGUES HUGO*, VARUM HUMBERTO
* RISCO, ESTG- Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal
A large number of infilled RC frame buildings have undergone moderate to extensive structural damages and even collapsed after the 2015 Gorkha earthquake. The repair and maintenance works are still being carried out in the existing RC buildings, many of them without any consultation with design engineers. Such practices are likely to create a benefit of doubt on the efficiency of the retrofitting works and repair/maintenance works. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate the seismic performance of the existing non-and pre-engineered buildings, and later employed retrofit measures that are commonly practised in the region. The analytical results revealed that the selected buildings were seismically deficient and are most likely to undergo extensive damage to collapse states, at 0. 3 g PGA. It was found that the retrofit measure significantly enhances the stiffness, maximum strength and ductility in the existing buildings. The pushover curves indicated that the steel bracing highly increased the stiffness, strength and ductility capacity in all case study buildings. The steel-braced building was recorded to have increased the maximum base shear capacity by almost ten times for the soft-storey MRT1 building. Similarly, the retrofit measures also eliminated the potential single storey drift concentration recorded in the original building, such that a uniform inter-storey drift profile can be attained throughout. The conditional probability of collapse for the case study buildings, at 0. 3 g PGA, ranges from 13. 5 to 42% and could be minimized below 4% in the worst case scenario for the shear wall. All the numerical results demonstrated that steel bracing was much more effective in enhancing the seismic performance of the existing buildings.
Keyword(s): Non-engineered and pre-engineered buildings ·,Retrofit techniques ·,Irregularity of infill panels ·,IDA curves ·,Fragility curves
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