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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ANIMAL BIOLOGY   spring 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 3 #b00524; Page(s) 75 To 86.

The Study of Dimenhydrinate Antihistamine`s Effects on Liver`s Tissue and Enzymes in Male Rats

Author(s):  Naemi o., Roshanayi k., Jamalloo f., AHMADIFAR M.*
* Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
In this study, we checked the distractive effects of dimenhydramine antihistamine on liver`s tissue and enzymes thereinafter excessive prescription. Dimenhydramine is a drug with anti-gastric reflux and anti-nausea effects usually used in trip for sensitive persons. This drug absorbed easily from oral usage and during 24 h excreted from kidneys and it has hepatic metabolism. We used 40 male Wistar adult rats whit 250+20 weighting that grouped into four groups. The control group was without treatment and the other fed with 2. 5, 5, 7. 5 mg/kg of dienhydramine doses daily within 28 d. After the examination procedure, rats became unconscious with ether, blood sampling and liver`s biopsy were done and sent to the laboratory for more study. Comparing the enzyme levels of ALT, AST, and ALP in the treatment and control groups, there was a rise in the enzyme levels as a result of liver damage caused by taking dimenhydramine antihistamine. Observing the microscopic slides of the liver tissue of the treatment group, it suggests sinusoid destruction, the loss of bile ducts, irregular placement of adjacent cells and the absence of Kupffer cells, which in turn confirms the negative effect of this drug on liver tissue. Like other medications, dienhydramine can exert adversary effects as well as positive effects. Since one of the tissues which are susceptible to this effect is liver, we must bear in mind when it comes to prescribing this medication.
Keyword(s): liver,Dimenhydramine,Antihistamine,Rat
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