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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DENTOMAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY AND SURGERY   Summer 2018 , Volume 7 , Number 2; Page(s) 51 To 56.

Corticosteroids Indications in Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases: Side Effects, Dosage, and Administration

Author(s):  BASIRAT MARYAM, KIA SEYED JAVAD, Motavaseli Safa, Dadvar Zahra*
* School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Introduction: Corticosteroid drugs are used to treat many lesions as well as inflammatory and immune-related diseases because of their suppression effect on the immune system and resulting anti-inflammatory reaction. This study aimed to evaluate the use of corticosteroids in oral and maxillofacial diseases as well as their side effects, dosage, and administration. Materials and Methods: This study was a review study by searching the databases of PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus. Articles, published from 2000 to 2018, with the keywords of “ steroids” , “ mouth” , “ oral” , “ maxillofacial” , “ indication” , “ side effects” , and “ contraindications” were found and investigated. Conclusion: These drugs, due to their possible adverse effects like adrenal insufficiency, should be prescribed with caution after an assessment of its risk-reward ratio. Moreover, their nutritional recommendation, discontinuation, and complications should be considered.
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