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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN MEDICAL EDUCATION   SPRING-SUMMER 2019 , Volume 6 , Number 1 #a00498; Page(s) 22 To 32.

The relationship between Keller motivation dimensions and personality characteristics in medical students of basic sciences in Iran University of Medical Sciences

Author(s):  SARAVANI SHAHRZAD, Mirzahosseini Hassan*, ZARGHAM HAJEBI MAJID
* Department of Clinical psychology, Qom Azad University, Qom, Iran
Introduction: The educational system of any society is considered the basis for social, economic, political and cultural developments. On the other hand, given the important role of medical students as future therapists and doctors who play significant roles in the health system of any country, understanding the interrelationships between their motivational dimensions and personality characteristics seem necessary to create and promote educational programs. This study intended to do so among medical students at the basic sciences level at Iran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study. The statistical population consisted of all medical students at basic sciences level, from whom 412 were selected through hierarchical cluster sampling method. To collect data, Keller motivation and NEO personality questionnaires were used. Data was analyzed by SPSS software version 24, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The findings showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between two motivational components of attention and relevance with the neuroticism feature of the personality variable. Also, all four components of motivation have a positive and significant relationship with openness to experience and externality and conscientiousness. Only, the components of attention, communication and trust from the variable of motivation had a positive and significant relationship with the variable of personality. Conclusion: Personality characteristics play a significant role in the creation, continuity and reduction of motivation among individuals; therefore, to increase personal motivation, especially to improve academic achievements, trainings should be in a way that personality characteristics of every individual person are considered.
Keyword(s): motivation,personality characteristics,students
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