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Paper Information

Journal:   PLANT ECOPHYSIOLOGY (ARSANJAN BRANCH)   summer 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 33 ; Page(s) 149 To 155.

Study of ecological sustainability and analysis factors affecting of cotton cultivation in the north of Golestan province, Iran

Author(s):  Shokrgozar Darabi M., SOLTANI A., ZEINALI E.
In this paper ecological sustainability of cotton cultivation and factors affecting them during 2014 and 2015 were studied in the villages of Aq-Qala and Ali Abad Katul cities, Golestan province. The statistical community was cotton farmers of the two Regions. One hundred farmers were selected randomly and information about personal and professional characteristics as well as ecological properties of farms were collected through face to face interviews. The results showed that 10 and 41 percent of farms were described as unsustainable and relatively unsustainable, respectively, while only 3 percent of the farms studied were sustainable and 46% were classified as relatively sustainable. Therefore, based on the results, sustainability of the cotton fields investigated in this study was estimated as lower than average. In order to more analyze, factor analysis and stepwise regression were used. The results showed that 14 variables were loaded onto 4 factors and described 58% of total variance. Results of regression analysis showed that the "history of agriculture" affects in the ecological sustainability more than other variables, followed by "organic fertilizer", "weeding frequency" and "yield". The variables "number of irrigation", "amount of pesticide", "literacy level" and "mismanagement of residue" had a negative effect on the stability of the cotton production.
Keyword(s): Ecological properties,personal and professional characteristics,sustainability factors,cotton
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