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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Evaluating fear of hypoglycemia, pediatric parenting stress, and self-efficacy among parents of children with type 1 diabetes and their correlation with glycemic control



Author(s):  Amiri Fatemehsadat, VAFA MOHAMMADREZA*, Gonder Frederick Linda, Vajda Karen, Khamseh Mohammadebrahim, ABADI ALIREZA, SALEHPOUR AMIN
* Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: This study was designed to determine the level of fear of hypoglycemia (FoH), pediatric parenting stress and selfefficacy in parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 61 families of children with T1D who had been diagnosed for at least 6 months recruited from "Gabric Diabetes Education Association" in Tehran. Sixty mothers and 41 fathers of 61 children (26 girls, age: 6. 0-12. 7 years) were assessed using the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-Parent (HFS-P), Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP) and Self-Efficacy for Diabetes Scale-Parent (SED-P) questionnaires. Pearson correlation analysis was used to compute the correlation between HFS-P, PIP and SEDP scores separately for mother and fathers. Results: Only 8. 3% of children had controlled diabetes. Internal reliability of the Persian version of all questionnaires was good. FoH were higher for mothers. Mothers whose children had diabetes for less than two years had significantly lower mean HFS-Behavior subscale (HFS-B) scores than mothers whose children had diabetes for more than two years. There was a positive correlation between fathers’ mean HFS-B score and children’ s total insulin dose per day. Parents' FoH score was positively correlated with increased pediatric parenting stress. Findings also showed considerable emotional distress in 51% of mothers and 29. 7% of fathers. Frequency of selfmonitoring blood glucose tests (SMBG) correlated negatively with HbA1c. Conclusion: We concluded that parents with high levels of FoH and stress may benefit from diabetes education. Important implications for education are considering psychological adjustment, recognizing diabetes-related fear and stress in parents, encouraging fathers to become actively involved in the child’ s diabetes management and emphasizing the importance of SMBG.
Keyword(s): Hypoglycemia,Fear,Parenting stress,Self-efficacy,Type 1 diabetes
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