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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   october-december 2019 , Volume 13 , Number 3; Page(s) 245 To 249.

Short Communication: Genetic Polymorphisms within The Intronless ACTL7A and ACTL7B Genes Encoding Spermatogenesis-Specific Actin-Like Proteins in Japanese Males

Author(s):  Tanaka Hiromitsu*, Miyagawa Yasushi, Tsujimura Akira, Wada Morimasa
* Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Huis Ten Bosch, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
Actins play essential roles in cellular morphogenesis. In mice, the T-actin1 and 2 genes, which encode actin-like proteins, are specifically expressed in haploid germ cells. Both T-ACTIN1/ACTLB and T-ACTIN2/ACTL7A have also been cloned and studied. The orthologous genes in humans are present on chromosome 9q31. 3 as intronless genes. Defects of germ cell-specific genes can introduce infertility without somatic function impairment. We determined TACTIN1 and 2, specifically expressed in the testis using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). To examine whether genetic polymorphisms of the T-ACTIN1 and 2 genes are associated with male infertility, we screened for T-ACTIN1 and 2 polymorphisms by direct sequencing of DNA from 282 sterile and 89 fertile Japanese men. We identified five and six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the T-ACTIN1 and 2 regions of the sterile and fertile subjects respectively. Among these genetic polymorphisms was a novel SNP that was not in the National Center for Biotechnology Information SNP database. Although we could not determine whether these SNPs cause infertility, the prevalence of these genetic polymorphisms may be useful for analyzing polymorphisms in future largescale genetic analyses.
Keyword(s): Germ Cell,Infertility,Single Nucleotide Polymorphism,Sperm,Testis
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