Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   ENVIRONMENTAL BASED TERRITORIAL PLANNING (AMAYESH)   spring 2019 , Volume 12 , Number 44 #g00660; Page(s) 201 To 223.

The Impact of Street Accessibility on Community Relations and Health in Residential Neighborhoods (A Case Study of Penang, Malaysia)

Author(s):  Hedayati Marzbali Massoomeh*, Maghsoodi Tilaki Mohammad Javad, Zareei Mahsan
* School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
Increasing community relations in residential neighborhoods is a part of mechanisms of improving residents’ health and welfare which provides a great opportunity for designers and planners to achieve high quality and sustainable residential developments. Certain characteristics of a neighborhood can affect residents’ behavior in the neighborhood. The present study focuses on the impact of street permeability and accessibility on residents’ social cohesion and health in a sample of 271 residents in Penang, Malaysia. The study is quantitative in nature and based on both descriptive and inferential statistics. The required data were collected based on on-site observation and a questionnaire survey. Four research hypotheses were proposed and tested using the structural equation modelling on a priori hypothesized conceptual model. We also investigated the mediating effect of social cohesion on the relationship between permeability and health. This study employed the structural equation modelling approach to analyze the data using SPSS and AMOS software. The results of the analyses indicated that the permeability has significant impacts on social cohesion and health. Findings also indicated that social cohesion mediates the relationship between permeability and health. Residents living in highly permeable streets are more likely to receive a low social cohesion and health, meaning that those living in cul-de-sacs perceived higher levels of social cohesion and subsequently, higher health than those living in through roads. This suggests that road hierarchy in residential areas has positive impact on social cohesion and health. Therefore, based on the study findings, we suggest that local planning authorities need to pay more attention to some important matters of neighborhoods such as street permeability and road hierarchy.
Keyword(s): accessibility,community relations,permeability,health,Malaysia
  • ندارد
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 77
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog