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Paper Information

Journal:   PLANT ECOPHYSIOLOGY (ARSANJAN BRANCH)   winter 2018 , Volume 9 , Number 31 ; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Effects of different manures and water stress on yield and yield components of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. )

Author(s):  ZAHEDI H.*
* Department of Agriculture and Integrated Cropping Research Center, Eslamshahr Azad University, Eslamshahr, Iran
Organic matters are useful sources to improve soil quality and increase the yield in plants. In order to assess the effects of different fertilizers application on yield and yield components of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. ) (Makoii cultivar) under water stress, a field experiment was conducted on Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture of Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran at growing season 2014-2015. The experiment was conducted as split plot arranged in a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. The main plots were three water stress (optimal irrigation, withholding irrigation at vegetative and reproductive growth stages) and six kinds of fertilizers (control, manure, chopped municipal waste, vermicompost, azocompost and urea) were in subplots. There was a significant effect of water stress and fertilizers on plant height, grain yield, biological yield, grains per spike and number of spike per m2. Overall, the plants were more sensitive to water stress at the reproductive stage and vermicompost and azocompost could moderate disadvantages of water stress on plants.
Keyword(s): manure,municipal waste chopped,vermicompost,azocompost and urea
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