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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Comparison of conduit and autograft efficiency in repairing femoral nerve injury in New Zealand rabbits



Author(s):  MOOSAVIZADEH SEYED MEHDI, ALIZADEH OTAGHVAR HAMIDREZA*, BAGHAEI MOHAMMAD, Zavari Arefeh, Mohyeddin Hamid, Fattahiyan Hamidreza, Farazmand Behnood, Moosavizadeh Seyed Mohammad Ali
* Trauma and Injury Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Peripheral nerve injuries may affect all age groups and exert devastating impacts on the professional and personal life of the patients. The investigation of nerve regeneration and use of biomaterials and synthetic materials have resulted in advancements in the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries and lesions. Nerve conduits can be used to adjoin the digital sensory nerve spaces of less than 3 cm, especially when the direct tension-free repair of peripheral nerve lesions is not possible. The present study was conducted to evaluate the use of nerve conduits by functional and nonfunctional parameters (i. e. histological study). Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 30 male rabbits. After cutting or crushing the right femoral nerve of the rabbits, they were divided into 3 groups: group 1, with right femoral nerve cut; group 2, with right femoral nerve crushed; and group 3, with right femoral nerve cut using a conduit. The 3 groups were evaluated after 1, 8, and 16 weeks for functional parameters (i. e. walking track analysis). In addition, they were subjected to nonfunctional examination (i. e. histological study) after 16 weeks, then, the results were compared. Results: The 3 groups showed no statistically significant differences in motor recovery in the eighth and 16th weeks (p>0. 05). Based on the histological study, group 3 with an end-to-end nerve cutting using a conduit, showed a significantly higher axon count compared to groups 2 and 3 (p<0. 05). Conclusion: End-to-end anastomosis using conduit led to axon growth; moreover, comparable functional recovery was observed with end-to-end neurorrhaphy in a rabbit model. Given that the diameter of the nerves and muscles, which might be neurotized in humans, and is much bigger and not comparable to that of the rabbits, it is highly recommended to conduct studies on animals with the larger size, such as primates, to facilitate the generalization of the results to humans.
Keyword(s): Conduit,Femoral nerve,Nerve anastomosis,Motor recovery,Histologic study
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