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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

The association of hospital emergency admissions due to respiratory-cardiovascular diseases and acute myocardial infarction with air pollution in Tehran during 2005-2014



Background: Air pollution is one of the main reasons for disease and emergency hospitalizations. Therefore, air pollution control and hospital preparedness are of paramount importance. This study was conducted to determine the association of air pollutant levels with the rate of hospital emergency admissions due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and acute myocardial infarction in Tehran during the last decade. Methods: This was a cross sectional study. At first, information on hourly concentration of air pollutants was gathered from Tehran Environmental Protection Agency and Air Quality Control Company. Raw data and meteorological parameters were used in Excel format to prepare an input file. The number of emergency hospital admissions due to pollutant exposure was assessed using the AirQ2. 2. 3 model. Results: Results of this study revealed that there were 54 352 cases of emergency hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases in a relative risk of 1. 0048 [1. 0008-1. 0112] and 20 990 cases of emergency hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases in a relative risk of 1. 009[1. 006-1. 013] during 2005-2014. In addition, 3478 patients were admitted to the emergency department because of acute myocardial infarction with RR of 1. 0026 [1. 0026-1. 0101]. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that a high percentage of hospital emergency admissions was because of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, it was found that acute myocardial infarction could be due to the high level of air pollution and could increase admissions to the emergency department. Therefore, appropriate measures are needed to reduce air pollution and increase hospital preparedness.
Keyword(s): Air pollution,Emergency,Respiratory diseases,Cardiovascular diseases
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