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Paper Information

Journal:   ENVIRONMENTAL BASED TERRITORIAL PLANNING (AMAYESH)   Winter 2019 , Volume 11 , Number 43 ; Page(s) 125 To 146.

Ranking the Development of Urban Neighborhoods in Terms of Public Green Space Using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods in GIS Environment (A Case Study of Ardabil)

Author(s):  Mohammadi Alireza*, Arzhani Hojat, Hoseeini Sayed Milad
* University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Appropriate distribution of urban green spaces is very important to increase spatial justice in the cities. Ardabil is among the cities which faced with the problem of the imbalance in the distribution of public parks and green spaces. The per capita public green space in the city of Ardabil is 7. 30 square meters. This amount is lower than the green space standards of the United Nations Environment Program which is 20 to 25 square meters per person and also is lower than the standards of Iran’ s urban green spaces (12 square meters per person). This study using nine key indicators has ranked 44 neighborhoods of Ardabil in terms of access to the parks and public green spaces. The research data were gathered from the Ardabil Municipality Department of Parks and Green Space and then were corrected using a field study in 2016. Multi-criteria decision-making methods, including TOPSIS, VIKOR, SAW and COPLAND have been used for analyzing, ranking and integration of the final results. The findings of this research showed that in terms of public green space indicators, 14 neighborhoods of the city are developed; 15 neighborhoods are semi developed; and 15 neighborhoods of the city are poor as far as accessing to the appropriate public green spaces is concerned. Finally, based on the findings, some recommendations for future research studies were made.
Keyword(s): public green space,parks,ranking,multi-criteria decision-making models,GIS,Ardabil
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