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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Effect of cawthorne and cooksey exercises on balance and quality of life of 60 to 80 year-old individuals in Shiraz: A randomized clinical trial

Author(s):  Fallahzadeh Abarghuei Abolghasem, FADAVI GHAFFARI MAHSA*, Tousi Safoura, AMINI MALEK, SALEHI ALI REZA
* Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: One of the vulnerable populations of any community are the elderly, who are exposed to poor balance, falls, injuries, reduced quality of life (QoL) and independency, and early death. Considering the importance of balance in independently performing activities of daily living (ADL) and its impact on QoL, in this study, we aimed at investigating the effect of Cawthorne and Cooksey exercises (CCE) on QoL and balance of 60 to 80 year-old individuals in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on forty 80 to 60-year-old individuals of Jahandideghan retirement center in Shiraz (20 in the intervention and 20 in the control groups) in 2014. The intervention group did CCE in three 60-minute sessions a week for 2 months. The balance status of the participants was assessed with Berg balance test, and their QoL was also examined using SF36 Quality of Life Questionnaire before the intervention and at 2 months post intervention. Data were analyzed by independent t test in SPSS software Version 19. Results: The results of the study revealed that the difference was significant in the balance change scores between the 2 groups (p<0. 001, effect size = 0. 78). Change differences in the QoL scores were significant between the 2 groups as well (p<0. 001, effect size = 0. 39). Conclusion: CCT improved QoL and balance of 60 to 80 year-old Shirazians, so considering the low cost, easy implementation, and considerable impact of the exercises, CCT could be used to prevent and treat balance disorders of the elderly.
Keyword(s): Balance,Cawthorne and Cooksey exercises,Quality of life,The elderly
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