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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH AND URBAN PLANNING   Spring 2019 , Volume 10 , Number 36 ; Page(s) 129 To 142.

The effect of indoor and outdoor spaces of residential complexes on the thermal comfort component of environmental quality with the fuzzy logic approach(Case study: Residential complexes in Tehran)

Author(s):  Khalilian Sh., ALBORZI F.*, soheili J.
* Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
Most daily activities of the residents of residential complexes are formed in indoor and outdoor spaces. Increasing the environmental quality of residential complexes through creating thermal comfort in indoor and outdoor spaces is one of the most significant issues in meeting residents’ satisfaction. In this regard, the necessity of considering the components of environmental quality caused this study, aimed at investigating and analyzing the impact of indoor and outdoor spaces on the thermal comfort of residential complexes, to provide a more appropriate context of recognition and design for the planners and designers of this field and investigate the current situation. The sample population was extracted and classified based on the stratified sampling method through considering all types of indoor and outdoor space compositions of residential complexes in Tehran. Apadana Complex, Nevisandegan (meaning authors) Complex, ASP Complex, and Peykanshahr Complex were respectively selected from the dispersed type, strip type, centralized type, and gardened type (complex with yard). The research method was descriptive-analytical, survey, quasi-experimental of simulation type. The data related to research samples were obtained through survey method while other data were obtained from written and documentary studies. Regarding the research objectives, data collection tools were based on books and documents, GIS maps, and AutoCAD 2018 software outputs. In addition, Revit Architectural 2018, Honeybee 2018, and Ladybug 2018 applications were used for simulation and modeling. The investigation and analysis of proportions were performed in Excel 2013 with the help of simulated outputs and 2D and 3D maps. Data analysis was carried out using fuzzy logic method in Matlab 2016 software. The results of studying thermal comfort component in the four studied types indicated that the type of indoor and outdoor spaces arrangement, length to width proportions between blocks, as well as orientation and materials affect the promotion of thermal comfort component in indoor and outdoor spaces.
Keyword(s): Residential Complex,Environmental Quality,Thermal Comfort,Fuzzy Logic
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