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Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   Spring 2019 , Volume 15 , Number 54 #R00472; Page(s) 39 To 73.

The Representations of "the Other" in Shā hnā meh

* University of Mazandaran
The concept of "the other" came to literature and was introduced to literary theories through Mikhail Bakhtin. According to him, among the literary genres, it is only in the novel, specifically Dostoevsky's novels, which the possibility of dialogue and the presence of the other are provided. Also, he suggests that genres of epic and tragedy, like Tolstoy's novels, lack dialogic characteristics. He believes that the foundation of epic works is based on elimination of the other. In the present article, the attempt has made to show the representations of "the other" in Shā hnā meh based on a deconstructional and negative approach to the theory of Bakhtin. These representations can be studied with respect to the following issues: 1) the creation of Shā hnā meh as a voice versus the prevailing voice; 2) Shā hnā meh as a meeting point of various genres; 3) institution of championship versus institution of kingdom; and 4) marriage with foreigners. They indicate to the presence of "the other" and the existence of dialogue and polyphony in Shā hnā meh.
Keyword(s): Shā,hnā,meh,Bakhtin,epic,the Other,Dialogue,Polyphony
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