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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF MEDICINE   2018 , Volume 7 , Number 2; Page(s) 30 To 34.

Effective factors on Sleep Satisfaction and Chronobiology Among Rural Adults

Author(s):  Ashjaei Erfan, SABERI MOHSEN, Hosseini Nejad Javad*, SHAHABIAN MASOUD
* Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Regarding this, the present study was conducted to identify the effective factors of sleep satisfaction and chronobiology among rural adults. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 385 adults who living in 31 rural areas of Fariman city, Iran, selected through a stratified sampling technique. The sample size was calculated using a conservative approach with the assumption of sleep disorder prevalence of 50% and a confidence interval of 95%. The sampling in each rural area was performed through systematic sampling using household records. Data collection was accomplished using a researcher-made questionnaire. The validity of this questionnaire was confirmed by two Neurologist and one Social medicine specialist. Reliability was calculated by Cronbach 0. 65. Data were assumed and analyzed by SPSS 16. We used Chi-Square, and Exact Fisher test for analysis and P-value≤ 0. 05 was significant. Result: According to the results, 264 (68. 8%) subjects were female. The mean age of the female and male participants were 36. 63± 15. 20 and 43. 63± 17. 49 years, respectively. Furthermore, 75. 1% of the subjects expressed that they easily fell asleep at night. However, for 73. 4% of the participants, it took 30 min to fall asleep. People who had a midday nap felt more satisfied with their sleep (P-value<0. 001). Conclusion: Sleep disorder is a predisposing factor for social problems and a threat to physical and mental health. Consequently, it is essential to adopt some plans facilitating the individuals to regularly evaluate their sleep status as a health component and try to improve the quality of their sleep.
Keyword(s): Chronobiology,Adults,Sleep
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