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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF MEDICINE   2018 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 7 To 11.

Prevalence of Self-Medication and Its Factors among University Students in Bandar Abbas City

* Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Background: Self-medication can lead to the latency of the real severity of disease, delay in diagnosis, a complication of treatment, threatening side effects, and unexpected intoxication. The present research aimed to explore the prevalence of self-medication and its factors among students affiliated to Bandar Abbas universities in 2016. Materials and Methods: This Descriptive Analytic study was performed on 600 students affiliated to the universities in Bandar Abbas; Islamic Azad University, Payam-e-Noor University, and University of Medical Sciences. The sample was selected through a stratified sampling method, and the data were collected by a questionnaire comprised of two parts, demographic information (6 items), and risk factors of self-medication and self-medicated drugs (26 items). SPSS version 19 was used to analyze the data through the required tests. Result: The mean age of the students was 24. 11± 5. 85 years. One hundred and ninety-one subjects (31. 8%) were male, and 409 (68. 2%) were female. The results revealed the prevalence of self-medication in the target population was 80. 2%., the main reasons for self-medication were reported underestimating the disease 461(77. 0%), previous experience of the disease 457(76. 4%), repeated prescription 441(73. 6%), and easy access to drug 423(70. 6%). The most prevalent drugs self-medicated by students were acetaminophen, herbal medicines, antibiotics, other drugs, sedatives, and anti-acids, respectively. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of self-medication (80. 2%) revealed in this research, there is a need for more attentive care for consistent education and drug consumption culture promotion. Specific approaches can help the provision of easy access to medical services in universities.
Keyword(s): Self-Medication,Drugs,University,Bandar Abbas
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