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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF MEDICINE   2018 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 1 To 6.

Postpartum Depression and Its Associated Factors among Women in Bandar Abbas City

Author(s):  Shahi Arefeh, BANAEI MOJDEH*, DABIRI FATEMEH, Kamjoo Azita, Pormehr Yabandeh Asiyeh
* Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Background: Postpartum depression with a different incidence of 40-45% in different societies, which it has adverse effects on the health of mothers and their child, given the negative effects of maternal depression and its harmful effects on the baby and the quality of family life. So, this study was performed with the aim to determine postpartum depression and its associated factors in Bandar Abbas city. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 after obtaining consent from mothers by the census. A total of 343 mothers was examined for depression who referred to Bandar Abbas health centers in the 2nd and 4th months after childbirth. The data collection tools included demographic information and Postpartum Depression Edinburgh questionnaires. Finally, the statistical analyses were performed using SPSS (version 22. 0) software and data were analyzed using the Independent t-test, Mann Whitney, Chi-square, and Fisher exact tests. Result: Totally, 68 (19. 8%) of samples were in the second month and 54 (15. 7%) in the fourth month after delivery had postpartum depression. The incidence of depression in the four months was 6. 6%. There was a significant difference between depression and income, parental education, father’ s use of cigarette and abnormalities of the infant (P <0. 001). There was no significant difference between other factors such as gestational age, infant sex, birth weight, unwanted pregnancy, and type of delivery. Conclusion: Regarding the prevalence of this disorder, it seems that postpartum depression screening planning should be considered during child routine care as an essential component, especially for vulnerable groups.
Keyword(s): Postpartum,Depression,Women
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