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Paper Information

Journal:   SPEKTRUM IRAN   2019 , Volume 32 , Number 1 #g00657; Page(s) 59 To 94.
 
Paper: 

GERMAN: Die Einschätzung der Beweggründe der aggressiven außenpolitischen Haltung von Saudi Arabien gegen die Islamische Republik Iran (zwischen 2001 bis 2017) (ENGLISH: The Reasons of the Aggression in Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Policy Toward Islamic Republic of Iran (2001-2017))

 
 
Author(s):  Mollaghadimi Alireza, ZAKERIAN MEHDI*
 
* faculty of Low, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Azad University, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 
GERMAN:
Von dem Jahr 1928, das heißt von der Zeit der Anerkennung der Regierung von Ḥiǧ āz durch Rezā Schah bis zu dem Jahr 1979, konnten die Meinungsverschiedenheiten ü ber politische Themen, Identitä tsfragen und Ölpreis zwischen dem Iran und Saudi Arabien zu keinen Spannungen und Feindseligkeiten in den Beziehungen zweier Lä nder führen.
ENGLISH:
Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy toward Iran has turned from a pattern of conservative and interactive behavior before Iran’s Islamic Revolution to a competitive and contradictory approach after the revolution. This policy, with the advent of international and regional events and changes, has taken a substantial departure from a prudent pragmatism to unprecedented aggression. The present paper systematically examines the reasons for Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy attitudes, priorities, and behaviors, specifically from 2001 to 2017. This study indicates how the above-mentioned events and changes have affected the Saudi Arabian elites and political leaders’ views on the position of Iran in the regional equilibrium. It seems that the authorities of Saudi Arabia consider the balance to be changed in favor of Iran. Therefore, their foreign policy has led to a more aggressive approach, with the aim of weakening Iran's role and influence. Accordingly, this study tries to examine the factors that have led to this alteration. The paper suggests that identity disagreements, security threats, and ideological rivalries are among the fundamental reasons for this aggressive policy.
 
Keyword(s): (ENGLISH: Iran,Saudi Arabia,aggressive foreign policy,prudent pragmatism,regional equilibrium)
 
References: 
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