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Paper Information

Journal:   SPEKTRUM IRAN   2018 , Volume 31 , Number 4 ; Page(s) 75 To 85.

GERMAN: Imamisches Fiqh ohne Ḫabar al-wāḥid: Das Unmögliche? (ENGLISH: Forming a Shii Fiqh Free of Ḫabar al-wāḥid: The Impossible?)

Author(s):  Al Qazwini Sayed Hossein*
* Seminary of Karbala
Zweifellos basieren die meisten Urteile des traditionellen imamischen fiqh auf den Überlieferungen der Imame, bekannt als aḫbār āḥād (Plural von ḫabar wāḥid). Der Koran enthält weniger als 500 juristische Verse, iğmāʿ wird von den meisten zeitgenössischen Juristen nicht länger als verbindlich aufgefasst, und ʿaql (Vernunft) wurde von uṣūl al-fiqh-Gelehrten auf die Tugend der Gerechtigkeit und das Laster der Unterdrückung reduziert. Somit bleiben die Überlieferungen der Imame die beste Quelle für islamisches Recht für das traditionelle fiqh.
In Medina, the Imams of Ahl ul-bayt disseminated their knowledge through gatherings with their followers, known as the Shi’ a. During these sessions, the companions of the Imams either recorded or memorized the sayings and teachings of their teachers. These recorded sayings were later known as aḫ bār – traditions or reports – and since many of them were isolated reports they were later recognized as aḫ bār āḥ ād (plural for ḫ abar al-wāhid). The legitimacy and authority of ḫ abar al-wāhid has been disputed since the formative period of Shii jurisprudence, some arguing for while others arguing against. Several contemporary Shiʻi scholars have also called for the rejection of ḫ abar al-wāhid, inviting jurists to form a Shiʻi Fiqh free of ḫ abar al-wāhid. But how realistic is this idea? How practical is forming a complete system of Fiqh without incorporating the thousands of aḫbār ā ḥ ād? Contemporary jurists have suggested that other legal tools can replace ḫ abar al-wāhid, such as the general laws of the Quran, numerous reports (tawātur), reason, and consensus. Will this not lead to the development of an entirely new system of Fiqh? This is what this paper will examine, which is part of an ongoing research on the role of ḫ abar al-wāhid in Shiʻi jurisprudence.
Keyword(s): (ENGLISH: Ḫ abar al-wāhid,tawātur,Shiʻi Fiqh,Sayyid Al-Mortaḍā)
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