Paper Information

Journal:   SPEKTRUM IRAN   2018 , Volume 31 , Number 4 #g00656; Page(s) 45 To 58.
 
Paper: 

GERMAN: Die Erschließung neuer Erkenntnisse über den historischen Charakter ḤāǧBektāš Walī basierend auf geschichtlichen und mystischen Grundlagen (ENGLISH: The Historical Personality of Ḥāǧ Bektā š Walī Based on Historical and Mystical Sources)

 
 
Author(s):  MOKHBER DEZFOULI FAHIMEH*
 
* Department of History and Civilisation of Islamic Nations, Science and Research Azad University, Tehran
 
Abstract: 
GERMAN:
Einleitung: Die Persönlichkeit von Ḥ āǧBektāš Walī ist, wie auch die vieler anderer Šiyḫs der Sufīs, in einen außergewöhnlichen Mythos gehüllt. Beachtlich ist, dass der Bektā šī-Orden nach ihm benannt wurde, und dass im Laufe der Geschichte durch viele seiner Anhänger seine Wunder und legendären Taten vervielfacht wurden, so sehr, dass seine eigentlichen wahren Taten nach den bestehenden Quellen fast nicht zu erkennen sind.
ENGLISH:
Ḥāǧ Bektāš Walī Ḫ urā sā nī was one of the Sufī Sheikhs, who left his homeland Ḫ urāsān after the Mongol invasion to Iran, and finally settled down in Anatolia. The written sources of his time considered him as a mystic(ʻārif) and one of the wā ṣ ilāns of Ḫ urāsān. Despite Ḥ ā ǧektāš ’ relationship with the leaders of the sociopolitical uprising of Bābā ’ is, and the murder of his brother in that movement, he stayed away from them and focused on training and teaching his followers, who were called Abdā ls. With the rise of the Ottomans, the Bektā š ī order was organized and dominated in Anatolia. The anti-Seljuk nature of the Bā bā ’ is uprising, leads the Seljuks historians tounderestimate them. The historians have not tried to find the causes of Bā bā ’ is uprising or address their thoughts. The Bektā š ī order stablished after Ḥ ā ǧ Bektaš ’ death, and he was at the center of attention and interest of Bektā š ī s; therefore, many miracles and unbelievable stories have been created about him, so that his true character could hardly be recognized. This article deals with the historical sources in which the formation of Bektā š is are mentioned, as well as mystical sources related to the Sufī Sheikhs in Anatolia, and compares them to the mystical sources of Alevi-Bektā š ī s, to shed light on the historical character of Ḥāǧ Bektāši Walī.
 
Keyword(s): (ENGLISH: Ḥāǧ Bektāš,Alevi-Bektāšī,Seljuqs,Anatolia)
 
References: 
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