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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Changes in health-related quality of life in oesophagogastric cancer patients participating in palliative and curative therapies



* Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Background: Various treatments are used to prolong survival and improve quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in QOL scores in patients with Oesophagogastric (OG) cancer undergoing curative intent and palliative therapy. Methods: This was a mix-designed cohort study with a consecutive sampling of patients with OG cancer who underwent curative or palliative treatment regimens. The QOL, as a determinant of efficacy and impact of cancer care, was evaluated using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires. QOL data were collected from the eligible subjects at three points of time. The repeated measurement test was used to compare the significance of change in scores. Results: Overall, 149 patients (54. 4% male, 61. 1% curative intent, 52. 3% esophageal, 37. 6 % gastric, 10. 1% OG junction cancer; with mean age 62 year) with OG cancer were eligible for inclusion in the study. Compared to the palliative group, the curative group was more likely to have an esophageal tumor site, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and stage 2 (versus stomach, Adenocarcinoma, and stage 4 in the palliative group). In comparing the patients' functional, global health status, and cancer symptom, considering time, group of treatment, and their mutual effect the result indicated significant difference between the intervention groups. Conclusion: Most patients with Oesophagogastric cancer are diagnosed with an incurable form of the disease. Hence in absence of curative treatment, palliative therapy is the most effective therapy to maintain patient independency and relieve pain and symptom in order to improve their QOL. The present study has shown that palliative similar to curative intervention can improve the QOL in cancer patient especially in short term.
Keyword(s): Oesophagogastric cancer,Health-related quality of life,EORTC QLQ-OG25,EORTC QLQ-C30,Repeated measurement analysis,Iran
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