Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2018 , Volume 32 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

Knee osteoarthritis at the early stage: The four-week effect of lateral wedge insole on pain and risk of falls

 
DOI: 

10.14196/mjiri.32.17

 
Author(s):  ESFANDIARI ELHAM, SANJARI MOHAMMAD ALI*, ASHRAF JAMSHIDI ALI, KAMYAB MOJTABA, YAZDI HAMID REZA
 
* Department of Basic Rehabilitation Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is associated with a decrease in function, increase in pain and risk of falls. Lateral wedge insole (LWI) is commonly prescribed in KOA to improve pain and function. Our study aimed to 1) evaluate the clinical symptoms and risk of falls in early KOA and compare with controls; 2) evaluate the immediate and four-week effect of LWI. Methods: A sample of 20 Persian dwelling individuals with early KOA and 19 matched controls were recruited. Pain with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Quality of life (QOL) with the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score, risk of falls with the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and static One-leg Balance (OLB) tests were assessed. The four-week effect of 5º LWI was considered for individuals with KOA. Independent t-test was done to report the between-group differences, and paired t-test was used to report the four-week effect of LWI. Results: At baseline, statistically significant higher scores for pain, lower scores for QOL, and higher risk of falls were observed in KOA compared to controls (p< 0. 001). A significant statistical decrease was observed in pain, and risk of falls, and an increase in QOL in KOA after four-week effect of LWI compared to baseline (p< 0. 001). Conclusion: People with early KOA showed higher pain and lower level of QOL that were associated with higher risk of falls. LWI may have the potential to improve clinical symptoms and reduce the risk of falls at the early stage of KOA.
 
Keyword(s): Osteoarthritis,Knee,Symptoms,Accidental falls,Foot orthoses
 
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