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Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH, SPIRITUALITY AND MEDICAL ETHICS   September 2017 , Volume 4 , Number 3; Page(s) 27 To 31.
 
Paper: 

Comparison of Spirituality Dimensions among Opioid-Dependent, Methamphetamine Dependent, and Normal People

 
 
Author(s):  Rabbani Malihe, KHORMAEI FARHAD*
 
* Department of Psychology, University of Shiraz, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Background and Objectives: Substance abuse and dependence is one of the major problems and concerns of today's world. Spiritual vacuums are a cause of tendency toward drugs abuse. The aim of this study is to compare spirituality components among opioid-dependent, methamphetamine dependent, and normal people in Shiraz. Methods: The study population of this causal-comparative study consisted of 50 normal people, 50 methamphetamine dependent people, and 50 opioid-dependent people selected by convenience sampling. Data collection was conducted by Hall and Edwards Spiritual Assessment Inventory. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance and the least significant difference. Results: There was significant difference in spirituality components among opioid-dependent, methamphetamine dependent, and normal people. The normal people's mean score for real acceptance was higher than the opioid-dependent and methamphetamine dependent people's. Regarding impression management, the normal people's score was higher than the methamphetamine dependent people's, and the opioid-dependent people's score was higher than the methamphetamine dependent people's. Conclusion: Overall, it seems that the substance dependent people have lower levels of the spirituality components. These findings can have important implications for prevention and treatment of substance dependence.
 
Keyword(s): Methamphetamine,Opium,Spirituality
 
References: 
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