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Paper Information

Journal:   QURANIC DOCTRINES   fall 2018-winter 2019 , Volume - , Number 28 ; Page(s) 83 To 103.

The Review of Ibn Sina's Philosophical Tendency on the Interpretation of Surah al-Ikhlā s (al-Tawhid)

Author(s):  KHOSHHAL ABOLQASEM, Najafzadeh Torbati Alireza, NAGHIZADEH HASAN, Sayyed Mousavi Sayyed Hasan
ibn Sina has interpreted Surah Al-Mobarakah Al-Ikhlas, which is also known as al-Tawhid, by using of the current concepts and phrases in philosophy and by Relying on the philosophical rules and the discursive precise method. He has a philosophical look at this surah, which its axis of discussion is the theology and monotheism. He sees rational order not only among the verses of this surah, but also higher of this, among the words used in it and searches for the proof of any matter against the previous word. He uses all his efforts in his interpretive text to reveal the rational precise system between the words and verses by getting help from the principles which he has achieved in his ontological system. In this article, we analyze the Avicenna's interpretative method from the surah Al-Ikhlas and the rational rules which he has used in introducing and Understanding the God's essence, in addition, we evaluate the effectiveness of the philosophical tendency in explaining the purposes of this sura, and attend to the centrality of the first verse of surah Al-Ikhlas in introducing the God of excellence, and find out to which correspondence is between the wisdom and the religion in this surah.
Keyword(s): Ibn Sina,Hu,Allah,Ilah,Ahad,Wajib al-Wujud,Surah al-Ikhlas
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