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Paper Information

Journal:   SOCIOLOGY OF WOMEN (JOURNAL OF WOMAN AND SOCIETY)   spring 2019 , Volume 10 , Number 1 (37) #l00567; Page(s) 217 To 235.

Investigating rural women’ s tendency to occupation (The case of: rural women of Najaf Abad County)

This study has investigated rural women tendency to occupation. The statistical population of this research was 15-64-year-old rural women in rural areas of Najaf Abad County. Sample size was estimated by using Cochran formula and 180 women were selected through stratified sampling with proportional allocation. In this study, the research tool was a research-made questionnaire which its validity was confirmed by professors of Tehran University and its reliability measured by calculating Cronbach-Alpha coefficient (α ˃ 0. 8). Data analysis was done through SPSS software. The results showed that more than half of rural women had moderate to high tendency to occupation. Moreover, the findings revealed that there was no significant difference between different rural women groups in terms of marital status, membership in rural institutions, receiving loans, occupational status with their tendency to occupation. The results of the research also indicated that there was a significant positive relationship between the amount of studying per day and the husband’ s/father’ s opinion to women’ s occupation and rural women’ s tendency to occupation. In addition, there was a significant negative relationship between the patriarchal in the family and rural women’ s tendency to occupation whereas the relationship between freedom of social movement and their tendency to occupation was not significant. In addition, under 20-year-old rural women as well as rural women with higher education had more tendency to occupation.
Keyword(s): Tendency,Occupation,Patriarchal,Rural women
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