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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF REGIONAL PLANNING   Spring 2019 , Volume 9 , Number 33 ; Page(s) 105 To 124.

Analysis of the Effect of Modern Architecture on the Physical Security Feeling of Villagers in Rural Settlements (Case study: Binaloud County)

* Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
One of the effective indicators in shaping the sense of security is the style of rural architecture. In recent years, rural housing has undergone many changes through processes influenced by internal and external forces. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of modern architectural style on the physical security of rural settlements in Binalood, based on the CPTED approach. The present research is aimed at "applied" and in terms of the method and nature of "descriptive-analytical". In this research to assess the physical security of villagers and the style of modern architecture of Residents 8 villages in Binalood city were questioned. Out of a total of 6497 households in rural areas, a sample size of Cochran formula with a 0. 07% error, was selected for 190 households by stratified random sampling. The results of the study showed that the road quality index in the sample villages had an unfavorable condition with an average of 3. 05 and has had the least impact on creating the sense of security of the villagers. In contrast, vegetation index (with a mean of 3. 35) was more favorable and have had a greater impact on the sense of security of the inhabitants. Also, changes in the style of modern architecture in the studied villages on the resistance index of housing with a mean of 3. 14 had the highest effect and the index of organic architecture compliance with an average of 2. 89 was considered less. According to Pearson's correlation results, there is a significant and direct relation (0. 337) between modern architectural style and physical security sensation. The results of path analysis indicate that the architectural design index with the coefficient of influence of 0. 253 has the highest direct effect on the physical safety feel.
Keyword(s): Sense of security,architectural plan,organic architecture,Modern architectural style,Binaloud County
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