Paper Information

Journal:   AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR RESEARCH   2019 , Volume 28 , Number 2; Page(s) 106 To 115.
 
Paper: 

Experiencing polyphonic music may enhance memories retention

 
 
Author(s):  HABIBZADEH MARDANI SHIMA, ROUHBAKHSH NEMATOLLAH*, MOHAMMADKHANI GHASEM
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AUDIOLOGY, SCHOOL OF REHABILITATION, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and Aim: Early experience, prov-ide opportunity for later associative experiential learning by affecting multisensory systems. This phenomenon may because of the influences which sensory stimuli as sounds would have on non-auditory neural centers rather than just dep-loying hearing system, so the question is wheth-er music as a kind of complex sound source, could help in general cognitive functions such as memory circuits or, conversely, it acts as a distracting factor. This study was investigated the effect of auditory experience with special kind of music, called polyphonic music, on auditory, visual and logical memories function. Methods: Forty volunteers with normal hear-ing, aged 18 to 40 years, were participated in this experimental study. They were performed with Ray auditory verbal learning test, Kim Karad visual memory test, and Wechsler logical memory subtest in two states: no-music con-dition and music condition with a polyphonic piece as background music. Memory functions in these two conditions, and the effect of gender on performances, were compared between con-ditions. Results: Polyphonic music significantly inc-reased auditory, visual and logical memory performance compared with the no-music con-ditions (p < 0. 05). No significant difference bet-ween genders was found in memory tasks in both music and no-music conditions (p > 0. 05). Conclusion: It seems that presence of poly-phonic music while people had enough auditory experience about it, impress memory perfor-mance. It is possibly owning to multisensory functions of brain and the effect of auditory experiences on cognitive system.
 
Keyword(s): Auditory experience,polyphonic music,auditory-verbal memory,visual memory,logical memory
 
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