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Paper Information

Journal:   AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR RESEARCH   2019 , Volume 28 , Number 2; Page(s) 93 To 99.
 
Paper: 

Effect of peripheral vestibular pathologies on reading ability and auditory-verbal memory

 
 
Author(s):  AHADI MOHSEN*, REZAZADEH NIMA, Mosharaf Dehkordi Elahe
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AUDIOLOGY, SCHOOL OF REHABILITATION SCIENCES, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and Aim: Auditory-verbal mem-ory and reading problems are frequently obser-ved in patients with vestibular disorders, but rarely considered as a cognitive consequence of vestibular disease. Many clinicians do not rec-ognize or ignore the psychological symptoms of vestibular disease. This approach could under-estimate the cognitive problems of the patients, or even led to misdiagnosis of a combined ves-tibular-cognitive condition. The current study aimed to assess the cognitive impact of acute vestibular disorders. Methods: A total of 71 patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis, Meniere’ s disease, and ben-ign paroxysmal positional vertigo underwent a through audiologic evaluation, including otos-copy, pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, video-nystagmography plus caloric testing, and video head impulse testing in the plane of horizontal semicircular canals. After determination of the disease, the Persian version of the dizziness handicap inventory, the Persian reading test, and Rey auditory-verbal learning test were admi-nistered. Results: There were no significant difference between the patient groups with regard to their inabilities like reading and learning problems according to their auditory verbal memory score induced by acute vertigo. However, acute ver-tigo can reduce the reading ability and capacity of auditory-verbal memory of the patients com-pared with normal subjects. Conclusion: Unilateral vestibular disorders in which patients suffer from acute rotatory vertigo could lead to reading difficulties and learning because of auditory-verbal memory impairment. The exact mechanism of vestibular impairment is not a determinant factor for these cognitive problems.
 
Keyword(s): Vertigo,reading,auditory-verbal memory
 
References: 
 
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