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Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH, SPIRITUALITY AND MEDICAL ETHICS   September 2018 , Volume 5 , Number 3; Page(s) 10 To 15.

Mediating Role of Self-Control in the Effectiveness of Religious Beliefs on Addiction Tendency (Case Study: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)

Author(s):  Abdi Reza, Poorjabbar Akhuni Fariba*
* Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
Background and Objectives: Despite the large number of research and measures focusing on substance abuse tendency in Iran, the identification of factors preventing drug addiction and tendency is still a matter of fundamental importance. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to examine the mediating role of self-control in the effectiveness of religious beliefs on tendency to addiction. Methods: The present cross-sectional correlationalstudy was conducted on 300 students (i. e., 154 females and 146 males)of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, selected through volunteer, convenience sampling technique. Data collection was performed using the long version of the Self-Control Scale byTangney et al. (2004), Religious Commitment Inventory by Worthington et al. (2003), and addiction tendency scale. The data were analyzed in SPSS software using Pearson correlation and structural equation modeling. Results: The findings revealed an indirect correlation between self-control and addiction tendency (r=-0. 21). Furthermore, there was a negative correlation betweenreligious beliefs and addiction tendency(r=-0. 16). In addition to direct effect (B=-0. 48), the selfcontrol was found to exert an indirect effect on the tendency towards addiction through the mediation of religious beliefs (B=-0. 12). Conclusion: As the findings indicated, addiction tendency had a significant indirect correlation with self-control and religious beliefs. In this regard, as the participants' self-control and religious beliefs increased, their tendency to addiction decreased. Therefore, the findings of this study can assist the planners and policymakers to identify the factors affecting the tendency toward addiction.
Keyword(s): Self-Control,Religious beliefs,Addiction
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