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Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH, SPIRITUALITY AND MEDICAL ETHICS   March 2019 , Volume 6 , Number 1; Page(s) 2 To 10.

The Effect of Monotheistic Integrated Psychotherapy on the Levels of Resilience, Anxiety, and Depression among Prisoners

Author(s):  REZAEI SAJJAD*, Mousavi Seyyed Valiollah
* Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Background and Objectives: Monotheistic integrated psychotherapy is regarded as a multidimensional and comprehensive therapy recommended for the treatment of abnormal behaviors, mood and anxiety, personality, and drug use disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of monotheistic integrated psychotherapy on the resilience, anxiety, and depression levels among prisoners. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. The study included 80 male prisoners aged 20-40 years old who were detained in Lahijan, Iran in 2015 due to street fighting. The subjects were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n=40). The experimental group was subjected to the monotheistic integrated psychotherapy, while the control group did not receive such training. Resilience Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to measure the study variables, before and after the intervention. Results: The analysis of covariance showed a significant difference in terms of the means of dependent variables within two experimental and control groups (P<0. 0001). According to the results, monotheistic integrated psychotherapy leads to the increase of resilience levels followed by reduction in anxiety and depression levels among prisoners. Conclusion: The findings indicate the effect of monotheistic integrated psychotherapy on the resilience, anxiety and depression levels among prisoners. Therefore, with the implementation of monotheistic integrated psychotherapy in a wider context, social harm and crimes would reduce leading to the increase of mental and physical health among prisoners.
Keyword(s): Monotheistic Integrated Psychotherapy,Resilience,Anxiety,Depression,Prisoners
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