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Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH, SPIRITUALITY AND MEDICAL ETHICS   MARCH 2017 , Volume 4 , Number 1; Page(s) 28 To 32.

Study of Association between Social Adjustment and Spiritual Health in Qom University of Medical Sciences Students

* Spiritual Health Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Background and Objectives: Admission to university is considered an opportunity to learn more and mentally grow further. At the same time, it is considered a stressor by some students and causes maladaptive reactions in them. This study was conducted to investigate the association between social adjustment and spiritual health in university students. Methods: Two hundred and fifty students were enrolled in this descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional study according to random, systematic sampling. The used instruments were Bell Adjustment Inventory, consisting of 32 items, with 89% reliability coefficient and Paloutzian & Ellison Spiritual Well-Being Scale, consisting of 20 items, with validity and reliability of 79% and 82%, respectively. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and univariate and multivariate linear regression in SPSS 16. Results: Women comprised 50. 2% of the participants. The mean (SD) age of the participants was 21. 72 (5. 02) and only 18. 4% were married. Social adjustment was significantly correlated with total score of spiritual health and scores of the subscales religious health and existential health (P<0. 001). Conclusion: Because social adjustment was moderate among Qom University of Medical Sciences students, and in the light of the association between spiritual health and social adjustment, group and individual counseling services can be delivered to students with low levels of social adjustment in universities to help them improve their social and spiritual health.
Keyword(s): Health,Social Adjustment,Spiritual Health,Students
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