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Paper Information

Journal:   CASPIAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES   April 2019 , Volume 5 , Number 2 (17); Page(s) 73 To 80.

Comparison of Religious Teaching with Muscle Relaxation Methods on Anxiety Patients

Author(s):  Attar Ghasbe Fateme, KHODADADI HASSANKIADEH NAEMA*, YOUSEFZADEH CHABOK SHAHROKH, Reihanian Anita, Ghorbani Shirkouhi Samaneh
* Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran/Neuroscience Research Center, Poursina Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Background: Anxiety in psychiatric patients is more prevalent than the general population. Nonpharmacological methods for the treatment of anxiety are beneficial to the health of the patient, but it is not clear which of these approaches are more appropriate. Objectives: The aim of this study is comparison of the effects religious teachings and muscle relaxation on reducing anxiety in patients hospitalized to psychiatric hospital. Materials & Methods: This is a quasi-experipsychiatric study with pre and post-test with control group that was performed on patients hospitalized to the ward of psychiatric hospital during the period from March to June, 2016. Out of 100 patients under the Spielberger anxiety screening, 60 anxious patients were diagnosed and 45 subjects who entered the study were randomly assigned to three groups of 15. Univariate analysis of Variance was used to analyze the data. Results: There was a significant difference between the post-training scores in the three groups (P=0. 0001 and F=19. 11). According to the Bonferroni test, there was a significant difference between the mean scores after the training in both groups of religious teachings (P=0. 001 and MD=8. 03, and relaxation with control group (P=0. 0001 and MD=12. 48). However, there is no statistically significant difference between the mean scores after training in the groups of religious teachings with relaxation (P=0. 094 and MD=4. 45). Conclusion: The use of the religious teaching module reduces of anxiety in psychiatric patients. Religious teachings and relaxation techniques are equally effective in alleviating the anxiety of psychiatric patients. Therefore, it is suggested that these complementary and low cost methods be used to reduce anxiety instead.
Keyword(s): Muscle Relaxation,Anxiety,Hospitals,Psychiatric
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