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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   summer 2017 , Volume 12 , Number 42 #g00650; Page(s) 47 To 61.

Study of the Influence of the Safavid Era Religion Conversion on the Paintings of Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp

Author(s):  SHATERI MITRA, Ahmadtajari Parvaneh
In the beginning of the 10th century A. H., Safavids came to power so Shiism became the official sect of religion. Throughout history, religion has served as an important factor in the thoughts and ideas of nations, so in each period, religion has had a profound influenceon culture and art in societies. In the Safavid period, art benefited fromreligious movement and artists were able to reflect the influence of the sect of Shiism, their thoughts and ideas in their art and industrial works. One of these arts was illustration and painting. Since the Shahnamehhas always been considered as one of the most important sources of inspiration for illustrators and painters, it provided an appropriate background to reveal the cultural influences in every period. Shahnameh of Shah Tahmaspwas the first great work produced in the royal library of Tabriz, which its illustrations started fromthe reign of king Ismail I and continued till king Tahmasp’ s period. This study with the aim of investigating the impact of Shiism on the paintings of Shahnameh of Tahmasp, as the first significant work in the Safavid Period, studies theirs Shiite themes, and attempts to answer the following questions: how much the paintings of Shahnameh of ShahTahmasp were affected by the change and formalization of the sect? In form of what elements and in which scenes and events were the Shiite symbols brought into the picture? So among all the paintings of the Shahnameh (258 images), fifteen paintings were selected as statistical population because they had Shiite symbols. Following the study of the illustrations and paintings of this work, the impact of the new religion (Shia) which was clearlydepicted in many paintings of this version can be seen in the form of elements such as the name of Imam Ali (as) on the war flags and upper parts of war flags and also decorations of monuments and twelve caps of Ghezelbash hat. This article is written based on library sources, usinganalytical-descriptive method.
Keyword(s): Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp,SafavidPainting,Tabriz School II,Shia Arts,Shiism
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