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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   spring 2017 , Volume 12 , Number 41 #g00649; Page(s) 95 To 111.

The Study of the Similarities and Differences of Fabrics in Safavid and Ottoman Eras

Author(s):  Hosseinzadeh Gheshlaghi Sara, Monesi Sorkheh Maryam
Artists’ beliefs and thoughts always have been reflected in artistic works. Safavidfabricweaving in Iran from 10th-12th century AH and also Ottoman fabricweaving in its neighborhood, during the same time span, have a wide range of motifs, colors, textures, and specific combinations along with great significance. 4 kinds of styles were common in Safavid fabrics and 5 kinds of styles in Ottoman fabrics. This research aims to comparatively study the mentioned factors on Iranian and Ottoman fabrics. The main objectives of this research are to discuss the similarities and differences of Safavid and Ottoman fabrics, as well asto analyze the effects of motifs and colors of Safavid fabrics on Ottoman ones. Generally, specific cultural and political relationships and conditions between these two nations are among the reasons of such artistic mutual effects, also the presence of the Iranian artists in Ottoman courts proves the case. Research findings show that Safavid fabricweaving influenced Ottoman one, though differences have been observed as well. It is significant that according to written documents, until now, the lack of using animal motifs was believed to be during the Ottoman era; while here showing fabrics patterned by pictures of deer, dove, and peacock, undermines the case. The red color is used on all fabrics. The limited number of colors in ottoman fabrics, in comparison to the more color variations in Safavidtextiles is their distinctive feature. The research method is descriptive-analytical with comparative approach. Data is collected using library sources.
Keyword(s): Safavid Era,Ottoman Era,Art of FabricWeaving,Color and Motif Combination,Fabric Weaving Style
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