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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   spring 2017 , Volume 12 , Number 41 #g00649; Page(s) 54 To 65.

An Impact Evaluation for the Visual Analogy in the Formation Process of Schemas in Teaching of Sculpture(Case study: Students of Third Semester in Sculpture at Art University of Tehran)

Author(s):  Esfahanizadeh Alireza, HESSAMI MANSOUR, Salehi Soudabe
Sculptors know drawing as the basis of success in shaping a work of art and they have found its particular place by experience, but they usually have less desire to speak about its formation process. Using this description, the behavior of professional sculptors with regard to the design is a kind of «heuristic research». They have special attention to visual sources, delve deeply in images, are interested in taking visual notes, and finally use itfor the scheme of a statue. Attention to this “ heuristic research” and its analysis, as a traditional process may affect the most innovative stage of the design which is «schema». It has also effect on problem solving methods based on analogical reasoning. This paper, while directing the attention to theoretical foundations of analogical reasoning, studies the inductive problem solving process in relation to the formation of the schemes. Thus, in one test, application of analogical reasoning in formation of a pilot scheme was studied, using a pretest-posttest control group and an experimental group. The data were collected using the performance measurement and ranking of the results through performance measurement and classification of the results of the students’ schemes by a highly qualified jury. The results showed that, compared visual and analogical reasoning leads to different learning levels as well as the improvement in ability to shape the schemes in sculpture students, and develops the schemes creativity (innovative values).
Keyword(s): Sculpture Pedagogy,Visual Analogy,Schema,Design,Art University of Tehran
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