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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   spring 2017 , Volume 12 , Number 41 ; Page(s) 5 To 15.

Iconography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in theTileworksof the Houses in Shiraz

Tiling is one of the ways of idealistic imagery in traditional Iranian architectural ornaments. In the Qajarera, architectural ornaments found a new effect throughreligious icons and themes. Tile designers in the Qajarerahave considered literary, historical and religious books, ancient traditions of Persian painting and Western stylesas sources of inspiration for imagery. Entrance portals, walls inside and outside of religious buildings and public and private places have been ornamented in accordance with social and cultural function, with epic, religious, historical and mythological faces, figures and scenes. The purpose of this paper isto examine theiconology of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the Naserid era houses in Shiraz. In the old part of Shiraz, a number of houses have been identified by the Heritage Foundation of Fars province and National Heritage Organization of Iran, in which various architectural ornaments including brick work, tile work, stucco, wall paintings, mirror work, painting on wood are seen. The subjects of the works of epic stories are originated from Shahnameh, Quranic stories and Iranian and sometimes foreign historical characters, and iconography of Shia imams and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Many of these houses have beendestroyed or their functionhas been changed. So, this study seeks to examine theiconographyof Prophet Muhammad in these buildings. Regarding the questions, what is the position of these images in the historical courseof iconography in Iranian art? Is it following traditional Persian painting or is it under the influence of westernculture and art? The results showed thatthe works with regard to the subject and visualization follow the tradition of iconography and works of Coffee-house painting (KhialiNegari), and with regard to the procedurefollow the common style of Qajarera. The research methodology of this studyis descriptive-analytical and the data were collected through field work and library research.
Keyword(s): Prophet Muhammad (PBUH),Tilework,Iconography,ShirazHouses,Qajar
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