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Paper Information

Journal:   ETHICS   summer 2016 , Volume 6 , Number 22 (44) ; Page(s) 71 To 98.

The Variability of Ethics in the Viewpoint of Raghin Isfahani

The possibility of variability is one of the fundamental issues discussed in the ethics. The fact that human moral values can be varied may have important consequences and will affect issues like individual and social moralization and salvation-centered life and other educationl subjects. Thus، the experts of ethics have paid attention to it beside other ethical and educational topics. In this study the subject of variability of ethics from the perspective of Ragheb Isfahani will be discussed. Ragheb believes that man's moral-orientation is based on both his nature and education. The ethical behaviours stemming from education can become man's secondary nature. The morality which is based on the nature can either occur through God's grace or other natural causes. The term divine grace indicates a specific tendency of Ragheb in avoiding exclusivism. He argues that if a man's moral system is the result of divine grace and natural factors، the man's moral values will never vary. But in the latter mood، since man's qualities are rooted in his habits and are gained through education، they can be varied or modified. In this regard، Ragheb is in agreement with the view accepted by Aristotle، Galen، Stoics and Ibn Miskawayh. He points to other factors as well. Ragheb's suggested process of this subject and the criticisms of his arguments have been included in this article.
Keyword(s): Variability,Ethics Ragheb Isfahani,Ragheb Isfahani
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