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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   MARCH-APRIL 2017 , Volume 33 , Number 1 (81) ; Page(s) 139 To 147.

Chemical composition of the essential oil of Nepeta elymaitica Bornm

Author(s):  AHMADI SH.*, Mirza M., ASKARI F.
* Lorestan Agricultural and Education Research center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Khorramabbad, Iran
N. elymatica Bornm. is one of the endemic species in the genus Nepeta in Iran. This genus has important aromatic species. So far, 79 species have been reported from Iran, of which 39 species are endemic. The aim of this study was to identify the chemical composition of the essential oil of N. elymatica Bornm. The flowering branches of this species were collected in July from Oshterankuh, Kamandan region of Azna. After drying at room temperature, the flowering branches of the plant were subjected to hydro-distillation. The oil yield was calculated and the oil composition was identified by GC and GC/MS analysis and retention index. Results showed that the yield oil of this species was 0. 95% w/w and 27 components were identified, among which 1, 8-cineole (20. 6%), 4a- , 7- , 7a--nepetalactone (17. 5%), E-caryophyllene (15%) and linalool (5. 8%), were the main compounds.
Keyword(s): Nepeta elymaitica Bornm.,essential oil,nepetalactone,1,8-cineole,Oshterankuh,Lorestan
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