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Paper Information

Journal:   METAFIZIKA   2019 , Volume 2 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 25 To 40.

About the Principles of Optimality in Turkic Folk Poetry



Author(s):  Guliyev Fakhraddin*
The Turkic folk poetry is a self-developing non-linear system, which dictates through its self-sufficiency the corresponding lexical, structural and functional means for its development. The resulting poetic forms and lexical means provide the sufficient grounds for the problem of optimality and its system of restrictions to be correctly formulated in folk poetry. The article uses the principle of least action as an optimality criterion. The principle of the minimal action along with optimality confirms the adequacy of ref-lection in the folk poetry of the processes occurring in the material and spiritual world as a secondary modeling system. In this regard, the system of restrictions as an objective necessity expresses the essence of optimality and clarifies its scope of definition and practical application. From gnoseological point of view, the system of restrictions describes, on the one hand, the real sources of economy in folk poetry, and on the other hand, the hie-rarchical levels of requirements for poetic creativity. The genesis of the Turkic folk poetry is based on the principle of development from simple forms to the complex ones, the succession and procedure of which gradually brings it closer to its optimal form, thereby complying with the gnoseological principle of Kholmogoroff. The principles of optimality in Turkic folk poetry are a verbal form of multi-criteria optimization, the solution of which is a compromise nature. The absence of simple solution stimulates the search for the best solution, which becomes an objec-tive source of its development.
Keyword(s): optimality principle,system of restrictions,adequacy,invariance,quantifier
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